The Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate participates, on behalf of the Danish government in international climate negotiations within the EU as well as UN. The target of the work is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
Climate Negotiations in the UN
The UN administers the global climate negotiations. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) frames the negotiations. The Convention on Climate Change does not include any binding requirements as to a lowering of the emission of greenhouse gases. But so does the Kyoto Protocol, that was adopted in 1997 by 192 countries and which was the first, binding international agreement setting targets of reduction of greenhouse gases.The countries behind the UN Convention on Climate meet once a year at the conference ”Conference of the Parties”, also known as the COP convention. The COP convention, or the COP, is the highest organ of the climate negotiations. This is where all important decisions are made, often with media attention from all over the world.
At the COP21 in Paris in December 2015 the countries agreed on a new, legally binding agreement on climate change. The agreement contains a target of keeping the global temperature rise below 2 degrees and it contains a call for keeping it below 1.5 degrees – as compared to pre-industrial levels. Furthermore, the countries agreed that the global CO2 emission should peak as soon as possible and then decrease rapidly.
Read more about the Paris Agreement
Climate Negotiations in the EU
Parallel to the climate negotiations in the UN, the EU has also got its own internal climate negotiations and its own climate objectives. Having the climate objectives as the starting point, the EU negotiates in the UN on behalf of Denmark and the other EU member states. The EU objectives are based on the so-called 20-20-20-plan from 2007 and the latest EU agreement on climate and energy of 2014.
The EU agreement on climate and energy of 2014 sets the following climate objectives for 2030:
The European CO2 emission should be 40 % lower than it was in 1990.
At least 27 % of the European energy supply shall be based on renewableenergy.
The EU countries shall be at least 27 % more energy efficient as compared to how development would have been since 1990 if nothing had been done to become more energy efficient (business as usual).