Multilateral energy collaboration
Denmark plays an active role in the major multilateral energy fora. The Danish participation is focused on achieving cost-effective emission reductions and exchanging best practice energy policies.
IEA - the International Energy Agency
The International Energy Agency (IEA) is one of the most influential fora of global energy policy analyses and debates. IEA was founded in 1974 following in the wake of the first serious oil crisis that was a serious challenge to the western world. Originally, the IEA focused on oil supply security, but following changes in the global energy agenda, the IEA has adopted its focus accordingly. Today, the organisation has a much broader focus than just oil security, and the IEA is now the most important intergovernmental forum for cooperation on energy systems and energy sources as well as the dominant 'think tank' of the international world of energy.The energy markets are continuously assessed by the IEA with regards to the role of e.g. coal, oil, gas, renewable energy and energy efficiency. Danish experts play an active role in the planning of this work, focusing particularly on conditions concerning sustainable energy and energy efficiencyDenmark has been member of the IEA since it was founded in 1974, and the organisation has 29 member countries in total, countries that are all members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD of the western countries. Since the 1990s the global economic order has, however, changed significantly due to a significant economic growth in several developing countries, including China. This means that the IEA membership group is no longer alone represening the major part of the world's energy consumption and related economic and environmental challenges.Because of not least a Danish effort, the IEA has, over the last years, developed close relations to a series of so-called partner countries among the important emerging economies such as China, Indonesia, Brazil, South-Africa and Mexico.
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CEM – Clean Energy Ministerial
CEM was established in June 2010 on the initiative of the USA. The members are the G20 countries and a series of green front-runners that together represent about 90 % of the total investments in clean energy in the world and 75 % of the global CO2 emission.CEM can be understood as a "trading path" that has been running parallel to UN's "negotiation path" in the field of climate. The ministers for energy of the 23 countries have an annual minister summit in the month of May or June with changing hosting. Apart from said summit, the countries participate in a series of about 10 different initiatives that make the core of the exchange of 'best practice' within policies to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy.Denmark is in particular active in the CEM as chairman of the working group promoting solar and wind power energy, where we call attention to comparable advantages of the position of Danish companies in the field of wind power and get inspiration for the domestic policy and future energy settlements.From the Danish side we try especially to create thematic synergies between the working groups of the CEM and the Danish bilateral inter-agency cooperation with important emerging economies such as China, Mexico, South-Africa and Indonesia, countries that are also members of the CEM.
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IRENA – the International Renewable Energy Agency
IRENA is the only international organisation in the world that deals exclusively with the promotion of sustainable energy sources. IRENA deals with knowledge sharing about the business case of wind power, solar energy and hydraulic energy for all member states on all continents.The organisation has undergone a serious development since its foundation in 2009 with Germany, Denmark and Spain as "founding fathers”. Today IRENA counts about 150 members and is thereby close to be comparable to established UN organisations when it comes to number of members. IRENA works closely with other international organisations and fora to promote renewable energy, such as the IEA and CEM. In IRENA Denmark is in particular engaged in knowledge sharing about the Danish energy model and Danish experience and position of strength within wind power energy. Apart from that, IRENA is also used to get an insight into the VE development in the rest of the world and to obtain experience and inspiration from other countries.
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MI –Mission Innovation
Mission Innovation is an international research cooperation headed by the US that was launched at the opening of the COP21 in Paris. The initiative focuses on a strengthening of research in clean energy technology in order to accelerate green transition by reducing costs by making the technologies cheaper.The countries participating in Mission Innovation are obliged to work for a doubling of their investments in research within clean energy technologies in a five year period up to 2020.As far as Denmark is concerned, the initiative means that the government will work for a strengthening of energy research by allocating DKK 580 million up to 2020. The means will mainly be implemented via Energiteknologisk Udvikling and Demonstrationsprogram (EUDP).Mission Innovation is also a platform for the leading countries in the world within the field of energy research, where members can work together and profit from other people's experiences.
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