The Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate participates in international climate negotiations within the EU and UN on behalf of the Danish government. The working aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Climate negotiations in the UN
The United Nations (UN) administers the global climate negotiations. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty established in 1992 which seeks to limit atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions and protect the global commons through the promotion of sustainable development. The UNFCCC sets recommended emission limits which are non-binding and therefore followed on a voluntary basis.
In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement within the UNFCCC, established binding emission reduction targets. At present, all States are Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change meet once a year at the Conference of the Parties (COP). The COP is the governing body of the Convention, which is responsible for the review of national communications and emission inventories.
At the COP21 in Paris in December 2015 Parties agreed on a new, legally binding agreement on climate change. The agreement contains a target of keeping the global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius, along with a provision for keeping it below 1.5 degrees, compared to pre-industrial levels. Furthermore, Parties agreed that global CO2 emissions should peak as soon as possible and then decrease rapidly.
Read more about the Paris Agreement
Climate negotiations in the EU
Parallel to climate negotiations at the international level, climate objectives and negotiations are taking place at the EU level.
The EU is a recognized Party to the UNFCCC and acts as a negotiating partner in the UN on behalf of Denmark and the other EU Member States.
EU objectives are based on the 20-20-20-plan from 2007 and the EU agreement on climate and energy of 2014.
The EU agreement on climate and energy of 2014 sets the following climate objectives for 2030:
- A 40% decrease in CO2 emissions (in comparison to 1990 base levels).
- Renewable energy comprising at least 27 % of the European energy supply.
- A 27 % increase in energy efficiency (in comparison to 1990 base levels).